Previous our study found that improvement of skin blood flow associated with neuropathic pain using vasodilators is useful for alleviation of neuropathic pain. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the mechanism underlying enhanced vasorelaxation induced by vasodilators, which increase cAMP and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), in chronic constriction injury model rat. We assessed vasorelaxation effect of vasodilators by measurement of isometric contraction in isolated plantar artery from chronic constriction injury of sciatic nerve model rats. Nifedipine, a voltage-dependent Ca channel inhibitor, NS1619, Ca-activated K (BK) channel opener, and diazoxide, an ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener, -induced vasorelaxation in ipsilateral plantar artery was enhanced compared to the these in contralateral plantar artery. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a nitric oxide (NO) donor, and substance P, a NK receptor agonist, caused vasorelaxation in both ipsilateral and contralateral artery. The vasorelaxation induced by SNP and substance P in ipsilateral artery is enhanced compared to the these in contralateral artery. Isoprenaline, a β adrenoceptor agonist, and salbutamol, a β adrenoceptor agonist, caused strong vasorelaxation in ipsilateral artery but not in contralateral artery. Iberiotoxin, a BK channel inhibitor, prominently suppressed the enhanced vasorelaxation induced by SNP, substance P, isoprenaline and salbutamol. In summary, the enhanced contraction of arterial smooth muscle cell in skin artery is sensitive to hyperpolarization in chronic constriction injury model rat. Furthermore, β adrenoceptor agonist would be a good drug to improve the decreased skin blood flow because it has selective vasorelaxation to ipsilateral plantar artery.