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Papers of the Week

Papers: 10 Feb 2024 - 16 Feb 2024

2024 Jan 31

Diagnostics (Basel)




Endometriosis and the Role of Pro-Inflammatory and Anti-Inflammatory Cytokines in Pathophysiology: A Narrative Review of the Literature.


Oală IE, Mitranovici MI, Chiorean DM, Irimia T, Crișan AI, Melinte IM, Cotruș T, Tudorache V, Moraru L, Moraru R, Caravia L, Morariu M, Pușcașiu L


Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory disease, which explains the pain that such patients report. Currently, we are faced with ineffective, non-invasive diagnostic methods and treatments that come with multiple side effects and high recurrence rates for both the disease and pain. These are the reasons why we are exploring the possibility of the involvement of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory molecules in the process of the appearance of endometriosis. Cytokines play an important role in the progression of endometriosis, influencing cell proliferation and differentiation. Pro-inflammatory molecules are found in intrafollicular fluid. They have an impact on the number of mature and optimal-quality oocytes. Endometriosis affects fertility, and the involvement of endometriosis in embryo transfer during in vitro fertilization (IVF) is being investigated in several studies. Furthermore, the reciprocal influence between anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammatory cytokines and their role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis has been assessed. Today, we can affirm that pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines play roles in survival, growth, differentiation, invasion, angiogenesis, and immune escape, which provides a perspective for approaching future clinical implications and can be used as biomarkers or therapy.