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Papers of the Week

Papers: 23 Mar 2024 - 29 Mar 2024

2024 Mar 28

Anal Chem


Electrochemical Monitoring of Sphingosine-1-phosphate-Induced ATP Release Using a Microsensor Based on an Entropy-Driven Bipedal DNA Walker.


Jiang H, Liu X, Jia YK, Wang YQ, Li W, Wang JD


Neuropathic pain is a chronic and severe syndrome for which effective therapy is insufficient and the release of ATP from microglia induced by sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) plays a vital role in neuropathic pain. Therefore, there is an urgent demand to develop highly sensitive and selective ATP biosensors for quantitative monitoring of low-concentration ATP in the complex nervous system, which helps in understanding the mechanism involved in neuropathic pain. Herein, we developed an electrochemical microsensor based on an entropy-driven bipedal DNA walker. First, the microsensor specifically recognized ATP via ATP aptamers, initiating the entropy-driven bipedal DNA walker. Subsequently, the bipedal DNA walker autonomously traversed the microelectrode interface, introducing methylene blue to the electrode surface and achieving cascade signal amplification. This microsensor showed excellent selectivity, stability, and a low limit of detection at 1.13 nM. The S1P-induced ATP release from BV2 cells was successfully monitored, and it was observed that dicumarol could inhibit this release, suggesting dicumarol as a potential treatment for neuropathic pain. The microsensor’s small size exhibited significant potential for monitoring ATP level changes in neuropathic pain in vivo, which provides a new strategy for in situ and quantitative monitoring of nonelectroactive biomolecules associated with neurological diseases.