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Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 May 2024 - 31 May 2024

2024 May

Exp Dermatol




Effects on peripheral and central nervous system of key inflammatory intercellular signalling peptides and proteins in psoriasis.


Tang J, Zhao S, Shi H, Li X, Ran L, Cao J, He Y


Psoriasis is a chronic systemic inflammatory cutaneous disease. Where the immune system plays an important role in its pathogenesis, with key inflammatory intercellular signalling peptides and proteins including IL-17 and IL-23. The psychoneurological system also figures prominently in development of psoriasis. There is a high prevalence of comorbidity between psoriasis and mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety and mania. Patients with psoriasis often suffer from pathological pain in the lesions, and their neurological accidents could improve the lesions in innervated areas. The immune system and the psychoneurological system interact closely in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Patients with psoriasis exhibit abnormal levels of neuropeptides both in circulating and localized lesion, acting as immunomodulators involved in the inflammatory response. Moreover, receptors for inflammatory factors are expressed in both peripheral and central nervous systems (CNSs), suggesting that nervous system can receive and be influenced by signals from immune system. Key inflammatory intercellular signalling peptides and proteins in psoriasis, such as IL-17 and IL-23, can be involved in sensory signalling and may affect synaptic plasticity and the blood-brain barrier of CNS through the circulation. This review provides an overview of the multiple effects on the peripheral and CNS under conditions of systemic inflammation in psoriasis, providing a framework and inspiration for in-depth studies of neuroimmunomodulation in psoriasis.