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Papers of the Week

Papers: 23 Mar 2024 - 29 Mar 2024

2024 Feb 22





Effects of Physical Cues on Stem Cell-Derived Extracellular Vesicles toward Neuropathy Applications.


Berry D, Ene J, Nathani A, Singh M, Li Y, Zeng C


The peripheral nervous system undergoes sufficient stress when affected by diabetic conditions, chemotherapeutic drugs, and personal injury. Consequently, peripheral neuropathy arises as the most common complication, leading to debilitating symptoms that significantly alter the quality and way of life. The resulting chronic pain requires a treatment approach that does not simply mask the accompanying symptoms but provides the necessary external environment and neurotrophic factors that will effectively facilitate nerve regeneration. Under normal conditions, the peripheral nervous system self-regenerates very slowly. The rate of progression is further hindered by the development of fibrosis and scar tissue formation, which does not allow sufficient neurite outgrowth to the target site. By incorporating scaffolding supplemented with secretome derived from human mesenchymal stem cells, it is hypothesized that neurotrophic factors and cellular signaling can facilitate the optimal microenvironment for nerve reinnervation. However, conventional methods of secretory vesicle production are low yield, thus requiring improved methods to enhance paracrine secretions. This report highlights the state-of-the-art methods of neuropathy treatment as well as methods to optimize the clinical application of stem cells and derived secretory vesicles for nerve regeneration.