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Papers: 1 Jun 2024 - 7 Jun 2024

2024 Jun 15





Effect of dry needling on pain and central sensitization in women with chronic pelvic pain: A randomized parallel-group controlled clinical trial.


Sedighimehr N, Razeghi M, Rezaei I


Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a debilitating problem in women with clear evidence of myofascial dysfunction. It seems that Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) contribute to the development of central sensitization (CS). This study aimed to investigate the effect of dry needling on pain and CS in women with CPP. Thirty-six women with CPP participated in this randomized controlled clinical trial and randomly assigned into three groups: dry needling group (DNG), placebo needling group (PNG) and control group (CG). The DNG received five sessions of DN using the “static needling”, the PNG received non-penetrating method, and the CG did not receive any intervention. Assessment of outcomes including central sensitization inventory (CSI), short-form McGill pain questionnaire (SF-MPQ), electroencephalography (EEG), conditioned pain modulation (CPM), salivary cortisol concentration, 7-item general anxiety disorder scale (GAD-7), pain catastrophizing scale (PCS), and SF-36 questionnaire was performed pre-intervention, post-intervention, and three months post-intervention by a blind examiner. The result showed a significant group-by-time interaction for CSI, SF-MPQ, and PCS. There was a significant decrease in CSI score in post-intervention and three-months post-intervention compare to pre-intervention in the DNG and PNG. SF-MPQ-PPI score in DNG significantly decreased post-intervention. PCS-Total score decreased significantly post-intervention in DNG and PNG. No significant group-by-time interactions were observed for other variables. EEG results showed regional changes in the activity of frequency bands in both eye closed and eye open conditions. It seems that DN can affect central pain processing by removing the source of peripheral nociception. Trial registration: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT20211114053057N1, registered on: December 03, 2021. https://irct.behdasht.gov.ir/search/result?query=IRCT20211114053057N1).