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Papers of the Week

Papers: 26 Aug 2023 - 1 Sep 2023


Human Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology, Neuromodulation

Inflammation/Inflammatory, Musculoskeletal Pain

2023 Aug 27

Reg Anesth Pain Med


ECAP-controlled closed-loop versus open-loop SCS for the treatment of chronic pain: 36-month results of the EVOKE blinded randomized clinical trial.


Mekhail NA, Levy RM, Deer TR, Kapural L, Li S, Amirdelfan K, Pope JE, Hunter CW, Rosen SM, Costandi SJ, Falowski SM, Burgher AH, Gilmore CA, Qureshi FA, Staats PS, Scowcroft J, McJunkin T, Carlson J, Kim CK, Yang MI, Stauss T, Petersen EA, Hagedorn JM, Rauck R, Kallewaard JW, Baranidharan G, Taylor RS, Poree L, Brounstein D, Duarte RV, Gmel GE, Gorman R, Gould I, Hanson E, Karantonis DM, Khurram A, Leitner A, Mugan D, Obradovic M, Ouyang Z, Parker J, Single P, Soliday N


The evidence for spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been criticized for the absence of blinded, parallel randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and limited evaluations of the long-term effects of SCS in RCTs. The aim of this study was to determine whether evoked compound action potential (ECAP)-controlled, closed-loop SCS (CL-SCS) is associated with better outcomes when compared with fixed-output, open-loop SCS (OL-SCS) 36 months following implant.