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Papers of the Week

Papers: 18 May 2024 - 24 May 2024

2024 May 17

Bioorg Med Chem



Discovery of first-in-class highly selective TRPV1 antagonists with dual analgesic and hypoglycemic effects.


Liu C, Wang W, Zhao S, Chen S, Chen H, Wang S, Li Z, Qian H, Tian X


Analgesia and blood sugar control are considered as two main unmet clinical needs for diabetes related neuropathic pain patients. Transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) channel is a highly validated target for pain perception, while no TRPV1 antagonists have been approved due to hyperthermia side effects. Herein, two series of new TRPV1 antagonists with flavonoid skeleton were designed by the structure-based drug design (SBDD) strategy. After comprehensive evaluation, compound CX-3 was identified as a promising TRPV1 antagonist. CX-3 exhibited equivalent TRPV1 antagonistic activity with classical TRPV1 antagonist BCTC in vitro, and exerted better analgesic activity in vivo than that of BCTC in the formalin induced inflammatory pain model without hyperthermia risk. Moreover, CX-3 exhibited robust glucose-lowering effects and showed high selectivity over other ion channels. Overall, these findings identified a first-in-class highly selective TRPV1 antagonist CX-3, which is a promising candidate to target the pathogenesis of diabetes related neuropathic pain.