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Papers of the Week

Papers: 18 Nov 2023 - 24 Nov 2023

2023 Nov 16

J Med Chem


Development and Pharmacochemical Characterization Discover a Novel Brain-Permeable HDAC11-Selective Inhibitor with Therapeutic Potential by Regulating Neuroinflammation in Mice.


Bai P, Liu Y, Yang L, Ding W, Mondal P, Sang N, Liu G, Lu X, Ho TT, Zhou Y, Wu R, Birar VC, Wilks MQ, Tanzi RE, Lin H, Zhang C, Li W, Shen S, Wang C


Recent studies have shown that the epigenetic protein histone deacetylase 11 (HDAC11) is highly expressed in the brain and critically modulates neuroimmune functions, making it a potential therapeutic target for neurological disorders. Herein, we report the development of PB94, which is a novel HDAC11 inhibitor. PB94 exhibited potency and selectivity against HDAC11 with IC = 108 nM and >40-fold selectivity over other HDAC isoforms. Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic evaluation indicated that PB94 possesses promising drug-like properties. Additionally, PB94 was radiolabeled with carbon-11 as [C]PB94 for positron emission tomography (PET), which revealed significant brain uptake and metabolic properties suitable for drug development in live animals. Furthermore, we demonstrated that neuropathic pain was associated with brain upregulation of HDAC11 and that pharmacological inhibition of HDAC11 by PB94 ameliorated neuropathic pain in a mouse model. Collectively, our findings support further development of PB94 as a selective HDAC11 inhibitor for neurological indications, including pain.