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Papers of the Week

Papers: 29 Jun 2024 - 5 Jul 2024

2024 Jul 02

Sci Rep




Description of pain associated with persistent postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty.


Koga M, Maeda A, Morioka S


After total knee arthroplasty (TKA), approximately 20% of patients experience persistent postoperative pain (PPP). Although preoperative and postoperative pain intensity is a relevant factor, more detailed description of pain is needed to determine specific intervention strategies for clinical conditions. This study aimed to clarify the associations between preoperative and postoperative descriptions of pain and PPP. Fifty-two TKA patients were evaluated for pain intensity and description of pain preoperatively and 2 weeks postoperatively, and the intensities were compared. In addition, the relationship between pain intensity and PPP at 3 and 6 months after surgery was analyzed using a Bayesian approach. Descriptions of arthritis (“Throbbing” and “aching”) improved from preoperative to 2 weeks postoperative. Several preoperative (“Shooting”, “Aching”, “Caused by touch”, “Numbness”) and postoperative (“Cramping pain”) descriptors were associated with pain intensity at 3 months postoperatively, but only “cramping pain” at 2 weeks postoperatively was associated with the presence of PPP at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. In conclusion, it is important to carefully listen to the patient’s complaints and determine the appropriate intervention strategy for the clinical condition during perioperative pain management.