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Papers of the Week

Papers: 4 Mar 2023 - 10 Mar 2023


Human Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology

Inflammation/Inflammatory, Migraine/Headache

2023 Mar 07

Sci Rep




Defining metabolic migraine with a distinct subgroup of patients with suboptimal inflammatory and metabolic markers.


Gross EC, Putananickal N, Orsini AL, Schoenen J, Fischer D, Soto-Mota A


Emerging evidence suggest migraine is a response to cerebral energy deficiency or oxidative stress in the brain. Beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) is likely able to circumvent some of the meta-bolic abnormalities reported in migraine. Exogenous BHB was given to test this assumption and, in this post-hoc analysis, multiple metabolic biomarkers were identified to predict  clinical improvements. A randomized clinical trial, involving 41 patients with episodic migraine. Each treatment period was 12 weeks long, followed by eight weeks of washout phase / second run-in phase before entering the corresponding second treatment period. The primary endpoint was the number of migraine days in the last 4 weeks of treatment adjusted for baseline. BHB re-sponders were identified (those with at least a 3-day reduction in migraine days over placebo) and its predictors were evaluated using Akaike’s Information Criterion (AIC) stepwise boot-strapped analysis and logistic regression. Responder analysis showed that metabolic markers could identify a “metabolic migraine” subgroup, which responded to BHB with a 5.7 migraine days reduction compared to the placebo. This analysis provides further support for a “metabolic migraine” subtype. Additionally, these analyses identified low-cost and easily accessible biomarkers that could guide recruitment in future research on this subgroup of patients.This study is part of the trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03132233, registered on 27.04.2017, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03132233.