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Papers of the Week

Papers: 24 Feb 2024 - 1 Mar 2024

2024 Feb 09





DC Consumption Improves Nociceptive and Depressive-like Behavior in Rats with Experimental Osteoarthritis.


Laranjeira IM, Apolinário E, Amorim D, da Silva Filho AA, Dias ACP, Pinto-Ribeiro F


Osteoarthritis (OA) persistently activates nociceptors, leading to chronic pain, which is often accompanied by the comorbid development of emotional impairments (anxiety and depression), an effect associated with microgliosis. DC (Asteraceae), a Brazilian edible plant, is an important source of active compounds with anti-inflammatory abilities. Thus, we evaluated its ability to reverse OA-induced nociceptive and emotional-like impairments in osteoarthritic ovariectomized female rats using the kaolin/carrageenan (K/C) model. Four weeks after OA induction, mechanical hyperalgesia was confirmed, and the treatment started. Control animals (SHAMs) were treated with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), while arthritic animals (ARTHs) either received PBS or 50 mg/kg (Bd50) and 100 mg/kg (Bd100), via gavage, daily for five weeks. At the end of the treatment, anxiety-like behavior was assessed using the Open Field Test (OFT), anhedonia was assessed using the Sucrose Preference Test (SPT), and learned helplessness was assessed using the Forced Swimming Test (FST). After occision, microglia were stained with IBA-1 and quantified in brain sections of target areas (prefrontal cortex, amygdala, and periaqueductal grey matter). Treatment with extract reversed OA-induced mechanical hyperalgesia and partly improved depressive-like behavior in OA animals’ concomitant to a decrease in the number of M1 microglia. Our findings suggest that extracts can potentially be used in the food industry and for the development of nutraceuticals and functional foods