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Papers: 18 May 2024 - 24 May 2024

2024 May 22

Blood Adv


Costs and Impact of Disease in Adults with Sickle Cell Disease: A Pilot Study.


Lanzkron S, Crook N, Wu J, Hussain S, Curtis R, Robertson D, Baker JR, Nugent D, Soni A, Roberts JC, Ullman M, Kanter J, Nichol M


Limited data are available to characterize sickle cell disease (SCD) related disease burden and outcomes. We assessed the feasibility of collecting data to estimate illness burden in adults with SCD; investigated factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL); and estimated societal burden. We recruited 32 adults with SCD. We collected data on fatigue, HRQoL and the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment via patient survey. Healthcare utilization was abstracted for the 12 months prior to enrollment using medical chart review. Mean (standard deviation) age was 36.7 (10.6) years, 84.4% had hemoglobin (Hb)SS/Sthal0 disease, and 81.3% reported chronic pain (experiencing pain on ≥3 days per week in the past 6 months). Mean EQ-5D-3L VAS was 63.4, index score was 0.79. The mean fatigue score was 57.9 (range 33.7-75.9). Higher fatigue score was correlated with lower EQ-5D index score (correlation coefficient r=-0.35, p=0.049), and ASCQ-Me scores, including pain (r=-0.47, p=0.006), sleep (r=-0.38, p=0.03), and emotion (r=-0.79, p<0.0001). The number of hospitalizations was negatively correlated with HRQoL (all p<0.05). Patients who reported chronic pain had significantly lower mean ASCQ-Me sleep scores (48.3 vs. 57.1, p=0.04) and EQ-5D index scores (0.72 vs. 0.89, p=0.002) than those without chronic pain. Mean estimated annual per-person costs were $51,779 (median: $36,366) for total costs, $7,619 ($0) for indirect costs (estimated from lost earnings of participants), and $44,160 ($31,873) for medical costs. Fatigue, SCD complications, hospitalization and chronic pain negatively impact HRQoL in this cohort. This sample experienced a high economic burden, largely from outpatient doctor visits.