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Papers: 4 Nov 2023 - 10 Nov 2023

2023 Nov 04

Sci Rep




Comprehensive analysis of genes associated with migraine in the Indian population: a meta-analysis of genetic association studies with trial sequential analysis.


Sudershan A, Pushap AC, Bhagat M, Sharma I, Kumar H, Digra SK, Kumar P


Migraine is a complex disorder with multigenic inheritance and is characterized by the cardinal symptom of unilateral headache. Many genes are responsible for increasing the susceptibility of disease within different populations. Therefore, our primary aim in this review was to catalog the many genes that have been studied in India and after collecting the necessary information, we calculated a more precise risk relationship between an identified variation and migraine. The gene and its associated risk variant were discovered in the Indian population using a PRISMA-based systematic literature review guideline from online databases such as PubMed & Google Scholar. We constructed pooled odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals using multiple genetic models. Also, we looked for heterogeneity using Cochran’s Q Test and the I2 statistic. Publication bias was analyzed using Begg’s and Egger’s tests. A p-value less than 0.05 was judged to be statistically significant for all tests. After a critical analysis, a total of 24 studies explored about 21 genes with 31 variants out of which only nine genes have been studied more than two times in the Indian population and thus were found eligible for the meta-analysis. It has been found, that the ACE-DD variant (allele model: OR: 1.37 [1.11-1.69], I = 0%/ fixed model), ESR1-PvuII (allele model: OR: 1.47 [1.24-1.74], I = 0%/ fixed model) significantly increases the risk of migraine in Indian population. Also, a protective role of the LRP1-rs11172113variant was observed for both migraine and its clinical subtype i.e., MA (allelic model: OR of 0.65 [0.50-0.83] I = 44% and allele: OR: 0.54 [0.37-0.78], I = 52%) respectively. Overall, the results of this meta-analysis indicated that the ACE-DD variant and the ESR1-PvuII were associated with an increased risk of migraine in the Indian community, while the LRP1-rs11172113 variant was associated with protection from migraine in this population.