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Papers of the Week

Papers: 1 Jun 2024 - 7 Jun 2024

2024 May 30

J Pain


Comparison of Pain Characteristics, Strength, and Movement Patterns in Adolescents with Juvenile Fibromyalgia and High versus Low Fear of Movement.


Kashikar-Zuck S, Thomas S, Bonnette S, Gibler RC, DiCesare C, Schille A, Hulburt T, Briggs MS, Ounpuu S, Myer GD


Physical activity avoidance and fear of movement (FOM) is often observed in individuals with chronic musculoskeletal pain, along with difficulties coping with pain. There is little research regarding how FOM may also relate to reduced physical strength and altered movement patterns that may perpetuate a cycle of pain, FOM, and disability. The objective of this observational study was to compare how adolescents with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM) exhibiting high versus low FOM (Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia [TSK-11]) differed on patient-reported measures of pain, fatigue, catastrophizing and pain interference, and performance-based measures of strength, postural control and biomechanical function. Participants were youth with JFM (N=135, Mean = 15.6 years, 88.9% female) enrolled in an ongoing clinical trial who completed self-report questionnaires and standardized tests including knee and hip strength, the Star Excursion Balance Test and the Drop Vertical Jump (with 3-D motion capture). Participants were categorized into Low, Medium and High FOM groups based on TSK-11 tertile scores. Relative to the Low FOM group, the High FOM group reported significantly greater fatigue, pain interference and catastrophizing, as well as reduced dominant leg knee strength. Additionally, those with High FOM showed altered lower extremity movement patterns. This preliminary study highlights the importance of combining self-reported measures of symptoms and functioning with physical assessments to gain a more comprehensive view of the impact of FOM in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Results could inform the development of more precise interventions to reduce FOM using a combination of behavioral and exercise-based interventions.