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Papers of the Week

Papers: 8 Apr 2023 - 14 Apr 2023


Human Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology

Migraine/Headache, Psychological/Comorbidities

2023 Apr 12

J Neurol


Comparison of clinical features in patients with vestibular migraine and migraine.


Çelebisoy N, Ak AK, Ataç C, Özdemir HN, Gökçay F, Durmaz GS, Kartı DT, Toydemir HE, Yayla V, Işıkay İÇ, Erkent İ, Sarıtaş AŞ, Özçelik P, Akdal G, Bıçakcı Ş, Göksu EO, Uyaroğlu FG


Vestibular migraine (VM) is accepted as the most common cause of spontaneous episodic vertigo. In most patients, vestibular symptoms follow migraine headaches that begin earlier in life. The aim of this multicenter retrospective study was to find out the differences between migraine patients without any vestibular symptoms (MwoV) and VM patients and to delineate the specific clinical features associated with VM. MwoV and VM patients were compared regarding demographic features, migraine headache years, headache attack frequency, intensity, symptoms associated with headache and vertigo attacks, presence of menopause, history of motion sickness and family history of migraine. Four-hundred and forty patients with MwoV and 408 patients with VM were included in the study. Migraine with aura was more frequent in patients with MwoV (p = 0.035). Migraine headache years was longer (p < 0.001) and headache intensity was higher in patients with VM (p = 0.020). Aural fullness/tinnitus was more common in patients with VM (p < 0.001) when all other associated symptoms were more frequent in patients with MwoV (p < 0.001) as well as attack triggers (p < 0.05). Presence of menopause and motion sickness history was reported more frequently by VM patients (p < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis indicated that longstanding history of migraine with severe headache attacks, aural fullness/tinnitus accompanying attacks, presence of menopause, previous motion sickness history were the differentiating clinical features of patients with VM.