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Papers of the Week

Papers: 15 Jul 2023 - 21 Jul 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Genetics, Neurobiology

Neuropathic Pain

2023 Jul 11

J Pain


Combination gene delivery reduces spinal cord pathology in rats with peripheral neuropathic pain.


Ji H, Kim KR, Park JJ, Lee JY, Sim Y, Choi H, Kim S


Although peripheral neuropathic pain (NP) is caused by peripheral nerve injury, it is not simply a peripheral nervous system disease. It causes abnormalities in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Pathological phenomena, such as hyperactivation of sensory neurons and inflammation, are observed in both the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and spinal cord (SC). Pain signals originating from the periphery are transmitted to the brain via the SC, and the signals are modulated by pathologically changing SC conditions. Therefore, the modulation of SC pathology is important for peripheral NP treatment. We investigated the effects of KLS-2031 (recombinant adeno-associated viruses expressing glutamate decarboxylase 65, glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor, and interleukin-10) delivered to the DRG on aberrant neuronal excitability and neuroinflammation in the SC of rats with peripheral NP. Results showed that KLS-2031 administration restored excessive excitatory transmission and inhibitory signals in substantia gelatinosa neurons. Moreover, KLS-2031 restored the in vivo hypersensitivity of wide dynamic range neurons and mitigated neuroinflammation in the SC by regulating microglia and astrocytes. Collectively, these findings demonstrated that KLS-2031 efficiently suppressed pathological pain signals and inflammation in the SC of peripheral NP model, and is a potential novel therapeutic approach for NP in clinical settings. PERSPECTIVE: Our study demonstrated that KLS-2031, a combination gene therapy delivered by transforaminal epidural injection, not only mitigates neuroinflammation, but also improves SC neurophysiological function, including excitatory-inhibitory balance. These findings support the potential of KLS-2031 as a novel modality that targets multiple aspects of the complex pathophysiology of neuropathic pain.