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Papers of the Week

Papers: 3 Feb 2024 - 9 Feb 2024


Handb Clin Neurol



CGRP monoclonal antibodies and CGRP receptor antagonists (Gepants) in migraine prevention.


Caronna E, Alpuente A, Torres-Ferrus M, Pozo-Rosich P


Migraine is a prevalent and disabling neurological disease. Its preventive treatment for decades has been rather limited due to the absence of disease-specific therapies with limited efficacy and tolerability. The advances made in migraine research have led to the discovery of the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and its role in migraine pathophysiology. CGRP is a neuropeptide that acts as potent vasodilator and is involved in pain processing. Increased levels of plasma CGRP have been observed during migraine attacks as well as interictally when comparing patients with migraine and healthy controls. In the last years, two classes of drugs antagonizing CGRP have therefore been developed as the first migraine-specific preventive treatments: anti-CGRP monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and gepants. Four mAbs have been approved: erenumab, galcanezumab, fremanezumab, and eptinezumab. Gepants are small molecules that antagonize the CGRP receptor; currently only rimegepant and atogepant have been approved for migraine prevention. These new drugs have demonstrated efficacy and safety in clinical trials for both episodic and chronic migraine, and results from their real-world experience are being increasingly reported in literature. In this review, we provide an overview of anti-CGRP drugs and their placement in migraine prevention.