I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 15 Jun 2024 - 21 Jun 2024

2024 Jun 19

J Nanobiotechnology




Cartilage progenitor cells derived extracellular vesicles-based cell-free strategy for osteoarthritis treatment by efficient inflammation inhibition and extracellular matrix homeostasis restoration.


Feng K, Wang F, Chen H, Zhang R, Liu J, Li X, Xie X, Kang Q


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative joint disease which currently lacks of effective agents. It is therefore urgent and necessary to seek an effective approach that can inhibit inflammation and promote cartilage matrix homeostasis. Cartilage progenitor cells (CPCs) are identified as a cell population of superficial zone in articular cartilage which possess strong migration ability, proliferative capacity, and chondrogenic potential. Recently, the application of CPCs may represent a novel cell therapy strategy for OA treatment. There is growing evidence that extracellular vesicles (EVs) are primary mediators of the benefits of stem cell-based therapy. In this study, we explored the protective effects of CPCs-derived EVs (CPCs-EVs) on IL-1β-induced chondrocytes. We found CPCs-EVs exhibited chondro-protective effects in vitro. Furthermore, our study demonstrated that CPCs-EVs promoted matrix anabolism and inhibited inflammatory response at least partially via blocking STAT3 activation. In addition, liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis identified 991 proteins encapsulated in CPCs-EVs. By bioinformatics analysis, we showed that STAT3 regulatory proteins were enriched in CPCs-EVs and could be transported to chondrocytes. To promoting the protective function of CPCs-EVs in vivo, CPCs-EVs were modified with cationic peptide ε-polylysine-polyethylene-distearyl phosphatidylethanolamine (PPD) for surface charge reverse. In posttraumatic OA mice, our results showed PPD modified CPCs-EVs (PPD-EVs) effectively inhibited extracellular matrix catabolism and attenuated cartilage degeneration. Moreover, PPD-EVs down-regulated inflammatory factors expressions and reduced OA-related pain in OA mice. In ex-vivo cultured OA cartilage explants, PPD-EVs successfully promoted matrix anabolism and inhibited inflammation. Collectively, CPCs-EVs-based cell-free therapy is a promising strategy for OA treatment.