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Papers of the Week

Papers: 2 Sep 2023 - 8 Sep 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology, Pharmacology/Drug Development

Neuropathic Pain

2023 Sep 04

Neurochem Int


BTD: A TRPC5 activator ameliorates mechanical allodynia in diabetic peripheral neuropathic rats by modulating TRPC5-CAMKII-ERK pathway.


Adhya P, Vaidya B, Sharma SS


Mechanical allodynia is a serious complication of painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) with limited treatment options. The transient receptor potential canonical 5(TRPC5) channel is a promising target in pain; however, its role in painful diabetic neuropathy has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we have investigated the role of TRPC5 channels using BTD[N-{3-(adamantan-2-yloxy)-propyl}-3-(6-methyl-1,1-dioxo-2H-1λ,2,4-benzothiadiazin-3-yl)-propanamide)],a potent TRPC5 activator and HC070, as TRPC5 channel inhibitor in rat model of PDN. In this study, streptozotocin was used to induce diabetes in male Sprague-Dawley rats. The alterations in mechanical and thermal pain thresholds, nerve functional deficits in diabetic animals were assessed by various behavioral and functional parameters.TRPC5 involvement was investigated by treating neuropathic rats with BTD, TRPC5 channel activator (1 and 3 mg/kg, i.p. for 14 days) and HC070, a TRPC5 channel inhibitor (1 and 3 mg/kg). BTD’s and HC070 effects in pain reduction were assessed by western blotting, estimating oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in the lumbarspinal cord. BTD treatment (3 mg/kg, i.p.) once daily for 14 days ameliorated mechanical allodynia but not thermal hyposensation or nerve functional deficit in diabetic neuropathic rats. BTD treatment down-regulated TRPC5 expression by increasing the activity of protein kinase C. It also subsequently down-regulated the downstream pain markers (CAMKII, ERK) in the spinal cord. Additionally, a decrease in inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6) also demonstrated BTD’s potent anti-inflammatory properties in reducing mechanical allodynia. On the other hand, HC070 did not exert any beneficial effects on behavioural and nerve functional parameters. The study concludes that BTD ameliorated mechanical allodynia in a rat model of painful diabetic neuropathy not only through modulation of the TRPC5-CAMKII-ERK pathway but also through its anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties. Overall, BTD is a promising therapeutic molecule in the treatment of mechanical allodynia in painful diabetic neuropathy.