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Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 Mar 2023 - 31 Mar 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology, Pharmacology/Drug Development


2023 Mar 27

Cell Prolif


Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells attenuate complete Freund’s adjuvant-induced inflammatory pain by inhibiting the expression of P2X3.


Deng Y, Yuan D, Deng Z, Liang J, Zhang Z, Hei Z, Li X


Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) show a good property for pain treatment by modulating inflammatory response. However, the underlying therapeutic effect and related mechanism of BMSCs on inflammatory pain remain unclear. Therefore, we explored the function and potential mechanism of BMSCs performing in a complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammatory pain model in this study. Here, BMSCs were injected into the CFA-treated rats, and we used behavioural tests to evaluate the changes in hypersensitivity. High-throughput sequencing was used to screen out the hub genes. Molecular biology experiments were performed to detect the level of P2X3 or inflammatory mediators in rats and observed the distribution of P2X3 in neural cells. Furthermore, the function of the P2X3 was explored via inhibitor and activator experiments. Finally, we found that BMSCs alleviated hyperalgesia and spinal levels of pro-inflammatory factors in CFA-treated rats. High-throughput sequencing showed that P2X3 and P2X7 were identified as hub genes, and only the expression level of P2X3 was significantly down-regulated after BMSCs treatment. Immunohistochemistry showed that P2X3 mainly colocalized with microglia and astrocytes. The levels of P2X3 and pro-inflammatory factors were all significantly reduced after BMSC injection. Moreover, similar attenuation was found in the CFA-treated rats after injecting the P2X3 inhibitor, and a P2X3 antagonist reversed the attenuation induced by the BMSCs. These findings suggest that BMSCs exerted a therapeutic effect on inflammatory pain by inhibiting the expression of P2X3 and the excessive production of inflammatory mediators was associated with an increased P2X3 level and BMSC therapy reverse these effects.