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Papers: 17 Feb 2024 - 23 Feb 2024

2024 Feb 16

Behav Brain Res


Blocking the dopaminergic receptors within the hippocampal dentate gyrus reduced analgesic responses induced by restraint stress in the formalin test.


Nazari-Serenjeh F, Sadeghi M, Azizbeigi R, Semizeh H, Mazaheri S, Haghparast A, Haghparast A


Previous studies have shown that various receptors, including dopamine receptors, are expressed in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG). Besides, indicatively, dopamine receptors play an essential role in the modulation of pain perception. On the other hand, stressful experiences can produce analgesia, termed stress-induced analgesia (SIA). The current study examined the probable role of dopamine receptors within the DG in antinociception induced by restraint stress (RS). Ninety-seven male albino Wistar rats were unilaterally implanted with a cannula in the DG. Animals received intra-DG microinjections of SCH23390 or Sulpiride (0.25, 1, and 4μg/rat) as D1-and D2-like dopamine receptor antagonists, respectively, five minutes before RS. Ten minutes after the end of the induction of RS for three hours, 50μl 2.5% formalin was injected subcutaneously into the plantar surface of the hind paw to induce persistent inflammatory pain. Pain scores were evaluated at 5-minute intervals for 60minutes. These findings showed that; exposure to RS for three hours produced SIA in both phases of the formalin test, while this RS-induced analgesia was attenuated in the early and late phases of the formalin test by intra-DG microinjection of SCH23390 and Sulpiride. The results of the present study suggested that both D1- and D2-like dopamine receptors in the DG have a considerable role in the induced analgesia by RS.