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Papers of the Week

Papers: 17 Feb 2024 - 23 Feb 2024


Research (Wash D C)



Bifunctional TRPV1 Targeted Magnetothermal Switch to Attenuate Osteoarthritis Progression.


Lv Z, Wang P, Li W, Xie Y, Sun W, Jin X, Jiang R, Fei Y, Liu Y, Shi T, Guo H, Sun Z, Lin J, Wang X, Tan G, Wu Y, Bao N, Shi D


Transient receptor potential vanilloid family member 1 (TRPV1) has been revealed as a therapeutic target of osteoarthritis (OA), the most common deteriorating whole joint disease, by impeding macrophagic inflammation and chondrocytes ferroptosis. However, the clinical application for capsaicin as the TRPV1 agonist is largely limited by its chronic toxicity. To address this issue, we developed a bifunctional controllable magnetothermal switch targeting TRPV1 for the alleviation of OA progression by coupling of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) to TRPV1 monoclonal antibodies (MNPs-TRPV1). Under the alternating magnetic field (AMF) stimulation, MNPs-TRPV1 locally dissipated heat, which was sufficient to trigger the opening and activation of TRPV1, and effectively impeded macrophagic inflammation and chondrocyte ferroptosis. This magnetothermal modulation of TRPV1 simultaneously attenuated synovitis and cartilage degeneration in mice incurred by destabilization of medial meniscus surgery, indicating the delayed OA progression. Furthermore, MNPs-TRPV1 with AMF exposure remarkably reduced knee pain sensitivity, alleviated the crippled gait, and improved spontaneous ambulatory activity performance in the mice OA model. Overall, this work provides a potential pathogenesis-based precise OA therapy with temporally and spatially magnetothermal modulation of TRPV1 in a controllable manner.