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Papers of the Week

Papers: 27 May 2023 - 2 Jun 2023

Basic Science

In Vitro Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Pharmacology/Drug Development

Neuropathic Pain

2023 Jun 01

Mol Pharm


Automated Patch Clamp Screening of Amiloride and 5-,-Hexamethyleneamiloride Analogs Identifies 6-Iodoamiloride as a Potent Acid-Sensing Ion Channel Inhibitor.


Finol-Urdaneta RK, McArthur JR, Aboelela A, Bujaroski RS, Majed H, Rangel A, Adams DJ, Ranson M, Kelso MJ, Buckley BJ


Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are transmembrane sensors of extracellular acidosis and potential drug targets in several disease indications, including neuropathic pain and cancer metastasis. The K-sparing diuretic amiloride is a moderate nonspecific inhibitor of ASICs and has been widely used as a probe for elucidating ASIC function. In this work, we screened a library of 6-substituted and 5,6-disubstituted amiloride analogs using a custom-developed automated patch clamp protocol and identified 6-iodoamiloride as a potent ASIC1 inhibitor. Follow-up IC determinations in tsA-201 cells confirmed higher ASIC1 inhibitory potency for 6-iodoamiloride (hASIC1 IC = 88 nM, cf. amiloride IC = 1.7 μM). A similar improvement in activity was observed in ASIC3-mediated currents from rat dorsal root ganglion neurons (rDRG single-concentration IC = 230 nM, cf. IC = 2.7 μM). 6-Iodoamiloride represents the amiloride analog of choice for studying the effects of ASIC inhibition on cell physiology.