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Papers of the Week

Papers: 30 Dec 2023 - 5 Jan 2024

2024 Jan 03

Neurochem Res


Attenuation of Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Neuropathic Allodynia by Flavone Derivative Through Modulation of GABA-ergic Mechanisms and Endogenous Biomarkers.


Altaf N, Rehman NU, Karim N, Khan I, Halim SA, Alotaibi BS, Hamad RS, Batiha GE, Tayyeb JZ, Turkistani A, Khan A, Al-Harrasi A


Diabetic neuropathic pain is one of the most devasting disorders of peripheral nervous system. The loss of GABAergic inhibition is associated with the development of painful diabetic neuropathy. The current study evaluated the potential of 3-Hydroxy-2-methoxy-6-methyl flavone (3-OH-2’MeO6MF), to ameliorate peripheral neuropathic pain using an STZ-induced hyperglycemia rat model. The pain threshold was assessed by tail flick, cold, mechanical allodynia, and formalin test on days 0, 14, 21, and 28 after STZ administration accompanied by evaluation of several biochemical parameters. Administration of 3-OH-2′-MeO6MF (1,10, 30, and 100 mg/kg, i.p) significantly enhanced the tail withdrawal threshold in tail-flick and tail cold allodynia tests. 3-OH-2′-MeO6MF also increased the paw withdrawal threshold in mechanical allodynia and decreased paw licking time in the formalin test. Additionally, 3-OH-2′-MeO6MF also attenuated the increase in concentrations of myeloperoxidase (MPO), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), nitrite, TNF-α, and IL 6 along with increases in glutathione (GSH). Pretreatment of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) (40 mg/kg, i.p.) abolished the antinociceptive effect of 3-OH-2′-MeO6MF in mechanical allodynia. Besides, the STZ-induced alterations in the GABA concentration and GABA transaminase activity attenuated by 3-OH-2′-MeO6MF treatment suggest GABAergic mechanisms. Molecular docking also authenticates the involvement of α2β2γ2L GABA-A receptors and GABA-T enzyme in the antinociceptive activities of 3-OH-2′-MeO6MF.