I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 1 Jun 2024 - 7 Jun 2024

2024 May 31

Mol Pain


Assessment of orofacial nociceptive behaviors of mice with the sheltering tube method: Oxaliplatin-induced mechanical and cold allodynia in orofacial regions.


Gupta S, Ling J, Gu J


Preclinical studies on pathological pain rely on the von Frey test to examine changes in mechanical thresholds and the acetone spray test to determine alterations in cold sensitivity in rodents. These tests are typically conducted on rodent hindpaws, where animals with pathological pain show reliable nocifensive responses to von Frey filaments and acetone drops applied to the hindpaws. Pathological pain in orofacial regions is also an important clinical problem and has been investigated with rodents. However, performing the von Frey and acetone spray tests in the orofacial region has been challenging, largely due to the high mobility of the head of testing animals. To solve this problem, we implemented a sheltering tube method to assess orofacial nociception in mice. In experiments, mice were sheltered in elevated tubes, where they were quickly accommodated because the tubes provided safe shelters for mice. Examiners could reliably apply mechanical stimuli with von Frey filament, cold stimuli with acetone spray, and light stimuli with a laser beam to the orofacial regions. We validated this method in Nav1.8-ChR2 mice treated with oxaliplatin that induced peripheral neuropathy. Using the von Frey test, orofacial response frequencies and nociceptive response scores were significantly increased in Nav1.8-ChR2 mice treated with oxaliplatin. In the acetone spray test, the duration of orofacial responses was significantly prolonged in oxaliplatin-treated mice. The response frequencies to laser light stimulation were significantly increased in Nav1.8-ChR2 mice treated with oxaliplatin. Our sheltering tube method allows us to reliably perform the von Frey, acetone spray, and optogenetic tests in orofacial regions to investigate orofacial pain.