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Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 May 2024 - 31 May 2024

2024 May 23

Tissue Cell



Angiotensin II Type 1 receptor blockade attenuates the neuropathological changes in the spinal cords of diabetic rats with modulation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2/ heme oxygenase 1 system.


Elsayed HRH, Ali EMT, Rabei MR, El Nashar EM, Alghamdi MA, Al-Zahrani NS, Alshehri SH, Aldahhan RA, Morsy AI


Peripheral and central neuropathies frequently complicate worldwide diabetes. Compared to peripheral neuropathy, central neuropathy didn`t gain a major research interest. Angiotensin II is reported to be involved in diabetic neuropathic pain but its role in the central pathological changes in the spinal cord is not clear. Here, we study the role of Losartan; an Angiotensin II receptor 1 (AT1) antagonist in suppression of the diabetes-induced changes in the spinal cord. Three groups of rats were applied; a negative control group, a streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic group, and a group receiving STZ and Losartan. After two months, the pathological alteration in the spinal cord was investigated, and an immunohistochemical study was performed for neuronal, astrocytic, and microglial markers; nuclear protein (NeuN), Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and Ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1 (Iba1), respectively, and for an apoptosis marker; caspase-3, and the inflammatory marker; nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) signaling, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2); physiological antioxidant system. The results showed that Losartan caused recovery of spinal cord changes, by inhibiting the microglial and astrocytic activation, suppressing neuronal apoptosis and NF-kB expression with activation of Nrf2/HO-1 (P<0.0005). It is suggested, herein, that Losartan can suppress diabetes-induced glial activation, inflammation, neuronal apoptosis, and oxidative stress in the spinal cord; the mechanisms that may underlie the role of AT1 antagonism in suppressing diabetic neuropathic pain.