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Papers of the Week

Papers: 10 Feb 2024 - 16 Feb 2024

2024 Feb

J Cell Mol Med




Anemoside B4 alleviates arthritis pain via suppressing ferroptosis-mediated inflammation.


Guo C, Yue Y, Wang B, Chen S, Li D, Zhen F, Liu L, Zhu H, Xie M


Chronic pain is the key manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis. Neuroinflammation in the spinal cord drives central sensitization and chronic pain. Ferroptosis has potentially important roles in the occurrence of neuroinflammation and chronic pain. In the current study, mouse model of collagen-induced arthritis was established by intradermal injection of type II collagen in complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA) solution. CFA inducement resulted in swollen paw and ankle, mechanical and spontaneous pain, and impaired motor coordination. The spinal inflammation was triggered, astrocytes were activated, and increased NLRP3-mediated inflammatory signal was found in CFA spinal cord. Oxidative stress and ferroptosis in the spinal cord were manifested. Meanwhile, enhancive spinal GSK-3β activity and abnormal phosphorylated Drp1 were observed. To investigate the potential therapeutic options for arthritic pain, mice were intraperitoneally injected with AB4 for three consecutive days. AB4 treatment reduced pain sensitivity and increased the motor coordination. In the spinal cord, AB4 treatment inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammatory response, increased antioxidation, decreased mitochondrial reactive oxygen species and ferroptosis. Furthermore, AB4 decreased GSK-3β activity by binding with GSK-3β through five electrovalent bonds. Our findings indicated that AB treatment relieves arthritis pain by inhibiting GSK-3β activation, increasing antioxidant capability, reducing Drp1-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction and suppressing neuroinflammation.