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Papers of the Week

Papers: 13 May 2023 - 19 May 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Neurobiology, Pharmacology/Drug Development

Arthritis, Inflammation/Inflammatory

2023 May 13

Sci Rep




An injectable copolymer of fatty acids (ARA 3000 BETA) as a promising treatment for osteoarthritis.


Toupet K, Jorgensen C, Noël D


Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent rheumatic disease and a fast growing cause of disability. Current pharmacological treatments include antalgics and non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs to control pain and inflammation as well as slow acting drugs such as intra-articular (IA) administration of hyaluronic acid. Oral supplementation or diet rich in polyunsaturated free fatty acids are proposed but evidence for benefit is still under debate. We here investigated the therapeutic potential of ARA 3000 BETA, an injectable copolymer of fatty acids, at the structural level in OA. Collagenase-induced osteoarthritis model was induced in C57BL/6 mice by collagenase injection into knee joint. Mice were treated with one or two IA or four intra-muscular injections (IM) of ARA 3000 BETA. At sacrifice, knee joints were recovered for cartilage analysis by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and bone analysis by micro-computed tomography system. OA histological scoring was performed after safranin O/fast green staining. Histological analysis revealed a protective effect against cartilage degradation in treated knee joints after IM and IA administration. This was confirmed by CLSM with a significant improvement of all articular cartilage parameters, including thickness, volume and surface degradation whatever the administration route. A slight protective effect was also noticed on subchondral bone parameters and knee joint calcification after IM administration and to a lesser extent, two IA injections. We demonstrated the therapeutic efficacy of injectable ARA 3000 BETA in OA with a protection against cartilage and bone alterations providing the proof-of-concept that clinical translation might be envisioned to delay disease progression.