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Papers: 29 Jun 2024 - 5 Jul 2024

2024 Jul 03

Sci Rep




An evaluation of inflammatory and endothelial dysfunction markers as determinants of peripheral arterial disease in those with diabetes mellitus.


Zaib S, Ahmad S, Khan I, Bin Jardan YA, Fentahun Wondmie G


The most serious long-term effects of diabetes is peripheral artery disease (PAD) which increases the chance of developing diabetic foot ulcers, gangrene and even lower limb amputation. The clinical manifestations of PAD which are typically not revealed until symptoms like intermittent claudication, rest pain and ischemic gangrene develop, are not present in majority of diabetes mellitus patients with PAD due to diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Therefore, current study is aimed to evaluate the inflammatory and endothelial dysfunction markers with their correlation to biomarkers that can help for in-time diagnosis and efficient prognosis of developing diabetes-associated PAD. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to evaluate the interlukin-6, interlukin-8, intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM) in PAD with diabetes group, diabetic group and healthy individual group while biomarkers were measured by kit method. It was observed that serum IL-6, IL-8, ICAM and VCAM levels in type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with PAD patients were increased significantly (85.93, 597.08, 94.80 and 80.66) as compared to T2DM patients (59.52, 231.34, 56.88 and 50.19) and healthy individuals (4.81, 16.93, 5.55 and 5.16). The overall means for the parameters, IL-6, IL-8, ICAM, VCAM, urea, S/creatinine, CK-MB, AST, ALT, cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, LDL, PT, aPTT, INR, HbA1C, and CRP within all groups were significantly (P < 0.05) different from each other. Therefore, it was concluded that the change in IL-6, IL-8, ICAM and VCAM can serve as an accurate diagnostic indicator and successful treatment.