I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 21 Oct 2023 - 27 Oct 2023

2023 Oct 21

Brain Res Bull


Altered effective connectivity from cerebellum to motor cortex in chronic low back pain: A multivariate pattern analysis and spectral dynamic causal modeling study.


Chen Y, Yang Y, Gong Z, Kang Y, Zhang Y, Chen H, Zeng K, Men X, Wang J, Huang Y, Wang H, Zhan S, Tan W, Wang W


To explore the central processing mechanism of pain perception in chronic low back pain (cLBP) using multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) based on the static and dynamic fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF) analysis, and spectral dynamic causal modeling (spDCM). Thirty-two patients with cLBP and 29 matched healthy controls (HCs) for the first cohort and 24 patients with cLBP and 22 HCs for the validation cohort underwent resting-state fMRI scan. The alterations in static and dynamic fALFF were as classification features to distinguish patients with cLBP from HCs. The brain regions gotten from the MVPA results were used for further spDCM analysis. We found that the most discriminative brain regions that contributed to the classification were the right supplementary motor area (SMA.R), left paracentral lobule (PCL.L), and bilateral cerebellar Crus II. The spDCM results displayed decreased excitatory influence from the bilateral cerebellar Crus II to PCL.L in patients with cLBP compared with HCs. Moreover, the conversion of effective connectivity from the bilateral cerebellar Crus II to SMA.R from excitatory influence to inhibitive influence, and the effective connectivity strength exhibited partially mediated effects on Chinese Short Form Oswestry Disability Index Questionnaire (C-SFODI) scores. Our findings suggest that the cerebellum and its weakened or inhibited connections to the motor cortex may be one of the underlying feedback pathways for pain perception in cLBP, and partially mediate the degree of dysfunction.