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Papers of the Week

Papers: 15 Jul 2023 - 21 Jul 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Pharmacology/Drug Development

Inflammation/Inflammatory, Itch


Front Physiol



Aedes aegypti salivary gland extract alleviates acute itching by blocking TRPA1 channels.


Cerqueira ARA, Rodrigues L, Coavoy-Sánchez SA, Teixeira SA, Feitosa KB, Taniguchi EY, Lopes LR, Cassola AC, Muscará MN, Sá-Nunes A, Costa SKP


() saliva induces a variety of anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. Interestingly, although it is known that mosquito bites cause allergic reactions in sensitised hosts, the primary exposure of humans to does not evoke significant itching. Whether active components in the saliva of can counteract the normal itch reaction to injury produced by a histaminergic or non-histaminergic pathway in vertebrate hosts is unknown. This study investigated the effects of mosquito salivary gland extract (SGE) on sensitive reactions such as itching and associated skin inflammation. Acute pruritus and plasma extravasation were induced in mice by the intradermal injection of either compound 48/80 (C48/80), the Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor (Mrgpr) agonist chloroquine (CQ), or the transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) agonist allyl isothiocyanate (AITC). The i.d. co-injection of SGE inhibited itching, plasma extravasation, and neutrophil influx evoked by C48/80, but it did not significantly affect mast cell degranulation or . Additionally, SGE partially reduced CQ- and AITC-induced pruritus , suggesting that SGE affects pruriceptive nerve firing independently of the histaminergic pathway. Activation of TRPA1 significantly increased intracellular Ca in TRPA-1-transfected HEK293t lineage, which was attenuated by SGE addition. We showed for the first time that SGE exerts anti-pruriceptive effects, which are partially regulated by the histamine-independent itch TRPA1 pathway. Thus, SGE may possess bioactive molecules with therapeutic potential for treating nonhistaminergic itch.