I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 3 Feb 2024 - 9 Feb 2024

2024 Feb 07

Mol Pain


Acute Pulpitis Promotes Purinergic Signaling to Induce Pain in Rats via P38MAPK/NF-κB Signaling Pathway.


Wang L


Toothache is one of the most common types of pain, but the mechanisms underlying pulpitis-induced pain remain unknown. The ionotropic purinergic receptor family (P2X) is reported to mediate nociception in the nervous system. This study aims to investigate the involvement of P2X3 in the sensitisation of the trigeminal ganglion (TG) and the inflammation caused by acute pulpitis. An acute tooth inflammation model was established by applying LPS to the pulp of SD rats. We found that the increased expression of P2X3 was induced by acute pulpitis. A selective P2X3 inhibitor (A-317491) reduced pain-like behavior in the maxillofacial region of rats and depressed the activation of neurons in the trigeminal ganglion induced by pulpitis. The upregulated MAPK signaling (p-p38, p-ERK1/2) expression in the ipsilateral TG induced by pulpitis could also be depressed by the application of the P2X3 inhibitor. Furthermore, the expression of markers of inflammatory processes, such as NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-1β, could be induced by acute pulpitis and deduced by the intraperitoneal injection of P2X3 antagonists. Our findings demonstrate that purinergic P2X3 receptor signaling in TG neurons contributes to pulpitis-induced pain in rats and that P2X3 signaling may be a potential therapeutic target for tooth pain.