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Papers of the Week

Papers: 11 Nov 2023 - 17 Nov 2023

2023 Nov 02

Int J Mol Sci




A Single Injection of rAAV-shmTOR in Peripheral Nerve Persistently Attenuates Nerve Injury-Induced Mechanical Allodynia.


Park M, Woo HN, Koh CS, Chang H, Kim JH, Park K, Chang JW, Lee H, Jung HH


Activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has been known as one of the contributing factors in nociceptive sensitization after peripheral injury. Its activation followed by the phosphorylation of downstream effectors causes hyperexcitability of primary sensory neurons in the dorsal root ganglion. We investigated whether a single injection of rAAV-shmTOR would effectively downregulate both complexes of mTOR in the long-term and glial activation as well. Male SD rats were categorized into shmTOR ( = 29), shCON ( = 23), SNI ( = 13), and Normal ( = 8) groups. Treatment groups were injected with rAAV-shmTOR or rAAV-shCON, respectively. DRG tissues and sciatic nerve were harvested for Western blot and immunohistochemical analyses. Peripheral sensitization was gradually attenuated in the shmTOR group, and it reached a peak on PID 21. Western blot analysis showed that both p-mTORC1 and p-mTORC2 were downregulated in the DRG compared to shCON and SNI groups. We also found decreased expression of phosphorylated p38 and microglial activation in the DRG. We first attempted a therapeutic strategy for neuropathic pain with a low dose of AAV injection by interfering with the mTOR signaling pathway, suggesting its potential application in pain treatment.