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Papers of the Week

Papers: 13 Jan 2024 - 19 Jan 2024

2024 Jan 16

Food Funct


A quinoa peptide protects impaired mucus barriers in colitis mice by inhibiting NF-κB-TRPV1 signaling and regulating the gut microbiota.


Wang L, Wu S, Chen T, Xiong L, Wang F, Song H, Zhou J, Wei S, Ren B, Shen X


Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic inflammatory conditions that lead to the disruption of the colonic mucus barrier. Quinoa has a well-balanced profile of essential amino acids and exhibits excellent anti-inflammatory effects. We recently explored the beneficial effects and relevant mechanisms of a novel quinoa peptide TPGAFF on impaired mucus barriers in mice with chemically induced colitis. Our findings demonstrated that TPGAFF, administered in low and high doses for 28 days, effectively attenuated the pathological phenotype and reduced intestinal permeability in colitis mice. TPGAFF demonstrated its protective abilities by restoring the impaired mucus barrier, inhibiting the activation of inflammatory signaling and reducing inflammatory cytokine levels. Moreover, TPGAFF positively influenced the composition of the gut microbiota by reducing inflammation-related microbes. Additionally, TPGAFF inhibited the activation of TRPV1 nociceptor and decreased the levels of neuropeptides. Conclusively, our results indicated that oral administration of TPGAFF may be an optional approach for the treatment of mucus barrier damage.