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Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 Mar 2023 - 31 Mar 2023

Methodology, Translational

Human Studies, Neuroimaging

Abdominal/Pelvic Pain

2023 Dec

J Obstet Gynaecol




A preoperative predictive model for stage IV endometriosis.


Zhao H, Zhang J, Bao ZL, Kong J, Wei W, Gu JQ


This was a retrospective study that evaluated a total of 280 patients who underwent surgery for complete removal of endometriosis to develop and validate the predictive model for stage IV endometriosis. The differences between stage I-III and stage IV endometriosis were performed by logistic regression. A model for the prediction of stage IV endometriosis was constructed, which was subsequently validated. The independent variables were visual analogue scale (VAS)≥4 [3.855, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.675-8.871, =0.002], painful nodularity on uterosacral ligaments (13.954, 95% CI: 1.658-117.423, =0.015), and bilateral endometriosis (5.933, 95% CI: 1.931-18.225, =0.002). The AUC of the model was 0.777, with a sensitivity of 71.9% and specificity of 76.3% for stage IV endometriosis. Therefore, a complete collection of patient information prior to surgery, asking about pain and VAS scores, careful completion of pelvic examinations, and application of imaging techniques are conducive to better diagnosis and prediction of advanced endometriosis.IMPACT STATEMENT Endometriosis, a chronic disease causing pain and infertility, is characterised by endometrial-like tissue outside the uterine cavity, which is often treated via surgery at present. Considering the risks of surgery, it is necessary to identify patients with stage IV endometriosis through non-invasive predictive models for adequate preparation for surgery. However, there is no reliable non-invasive predictive model now, despite utilisation of patient medical history, symptoms especially pain-related ones, pelvic examinations, laboratory examinations, and images in the preoperative diagnosis of endometriosis in the clinic. A model developed based on three simple, accessible and non-invasive indicators displays good performance in predicting stage IV endometriosis. It is conducive to diagnosing and predicting advanced endometriosis before surgery, so as to reduce the difficulty and improve the safety of surgery.