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Papers of the Week

Papers: 17 Jun 2023 - 23 Jun 2023


Human Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development


2023 Jun 22

Clin Transl Sci


A Phase I Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Study Assessing the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of RIPK1 Inhibitor GFH312 in Healthy Subjects.


Lickliter J, Wang S, Zhang W, Zhu H, Wang J, Zhao C, Shen H, Wang Y


Receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) mediates necroptosis and inflammation in various pathophysiologies, emerging as a pharmacological target for neurodegenerative and inflammatory indications. This Phase I, first-in-human, placebo-controlled study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of GFH312, a RIPK1 inhibitor, in healthy adults. Subjects received GFH312 as a single ascending dose up to 500 mg (Part I) or once-daily repeated doses up to 200 mg for 14 days (Part II). Pharmacokinetics was assessed using plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF); pharmacodynamics was assessed by phospho-RIPK1 levels. Seventy-six subjects were enrolled between April 2021 and June 2022: 38 (Part I) and 19 (Part II) received GFH312; 14 and five received placebo, respectively. At least one treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) occurred in 42.1% (Part I) and 63.2% (Part II) of subjects receiving GFH312, compared with 42.9% and 40.0% of subjects receiving placebo, respectively. The most common TEAE was headache (21.1%). Two treatment-related TEAEs were reported in Part I and four in Part II. No serious TEAEs were reported. Systemic absorption was rapid; exposure (AUC and C ) increased with dose level. The GFH312 CSF concentration post 100 mg single dose was approximately 4-fold higher than the half maximal inhibitory concentration of human monocyte-derived macrophages necroptosis with expected central nervous system penetration. Subjects receiving GFH312 had decreased phospho-RIPK1 levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells post dose. In conclusion, GFH312 was well tolerated and demonstrated RIPK1 inhibition in healthy subjects. Ongoing studies will inform the use of GFH312 in potential indications.