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Papers of the Week

Papers: 30 Sep 2023 - 6 Oct 2023

2023 Sep 29



A novel endomorphin-2/salmon calcitonin hybrid peptide with enhancing anti-allodynic and anti-anxiety effects.


Huo Y, Cheng C, Wang S, Li L, Rong Z, Su C, Li F, Li Y, Yang L


Pain, a worldwide problem with a high incidence and complex pathogenesis, has attracted the attention of pharmaceutical enterprises for the development of safer and more effective drugs. Extensive experimental and clinical evidence has demonstrated the analgesic effects of two endogenous peptides: endomorphin-2 (EM-2) and salmon calcitonin (sCT). However, EM-2 has limitations, such as poor ability to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and little therapeutic effect in chronic pain due to rapid in vivo proteolysis. Herein, we propose the design of a novel hybrid peptide TEM2CT by combining EM-2, sCT, and the cell-penetrating peptide HIV-1 trans-activator protein (TAT) with the aim of enhancing their analgesic effects. TEM2CT treatment attenuated nociceptive behavior in both acute and chronic pain mouse models, exhibiting increased anti-allodynic and anti-anxiety effects compared to sCT treatment. Furthermore, TEM2CT also regulated the excitability of pyramidal neurons in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in spared nerve injury (SNI) model mice. The improved efficacy of this hybrid peptide provides a promising strategy for developing analgesic drugs.