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Papers of the Week

Papers: 1 Apr 2023 - 7 Apr 2023

Basic Science

In Vitro Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2023 Apr 03



5-Alkoxy-1-aryl-3-polyfluoroalkylpyrazoles with Antinociceptive Activity: Partial Agonists of TRPV1 Ion Channels.


Khudina OG, Burgart YV, Malkova NA, Shchegolkov EV, Krasnykh OP, Triandafilova GA, Malysheva KO, Solodnikov SY, Dubodel ES, Korolkova YV, Kozlov SA, Borisevich SS, Mozhaitsev ES, Saloutin V


Chemoselective O-alkylation of 1-aryl-3-polyfluoroalkylpyrazol-5-oles under basic conditions resulted in a series of 5-alkoxypyrazoles (26 derivatives). They were showed to have an acceptable ADME profile (in silico). In experiments in vivo (CD-1 mice), it was found that the obtained compounds do not have toxic properties at a dose of more than 150 mg/kg (for most compounds at a dose of > 300 mg/kg, and for lead compounds – > 600 mg/kg). 22 Compounds demonstrated from moderate to high analgesic effects (28-104% at 1 h and 37 -109% at 2 h after administration) in vivo in the hot plate test (SD rats, 15 mg/kg, intraperitoneal (ip)). The lead compound was 4-([1-phenyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazol-5-yl]oxy)butan-1-ol, which not only increased the latent period in the hot plate test by 103% at both time investigation points but also showed a pronounced analgesic effect under conditions of capsaicin-induced nociception (CD-1 mice, 15 mg/kg, ip). According to molecular modeling, all synthesized compounds can interact with the TRPV1 ion channel. This biological target was confirmed in in vitro experiments on Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing rTRPV1. 5-Alkoxypyrazoles were partial agonists of the TRPV1 ion channel in various degree, and the most active was the same pyrazole as in in vivo tests.