Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a common clinical syndrome. At present, the lack of epidemiological data from large-sample studies in our country persists, and there are many difficulties in diagnosis and treatment. It is imperative to formulate diagnosis and treatment guidelines for FMS in our country. As such, a project was jointly initiated by the China Association of Chinese Medicine Rheumatology Society, the Fibromyalgia Research Group of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine in Rheumatology and Immunology, and the Capital Institute of Rheumatology and Immunology of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine, which adopted the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation grading system and the Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in Health Care for guideline development. Detailed evidence-based recommendations on 11 clinical problems of FMS that concern Chinese first-line physicians are given in the guideline, aiming to encourage the departments of rheumatology, psychology, pain, and other related departments to attach great importance to the comprehensive management, early identification and intervention, and assessment of FMS to improve the quality of life of patients with FMS.