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Papers of the Week

2022 Nov 14

Comput Inform Nurs

Creating a Self-management Mobile Application for People With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Focus Group Study of Unmet Needs and Strategies.


Mobile health can fulfill the unmet needs of patients with chronic low back pain by recommending individualized management plans. Limited mobile applications have been developed based on the needs, preferences, and values relative to self-management of patients with chronic low back pain. This study aimed to explore the experience of patients with chronic low back pain and the desired content, designs, and features of a self-management application. We conducted five focus groups (N = 24). Participants provided feedback on draft contents and they also discussed the desired designs and features of an application while reviewing a low-fidelity prototype. Data were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Three categories and eight subcategories emerged. Participants: (1) confronted difficulties of their pain experience along with vicious cycles of pain and unmet needs; (2) acknowledged the importance of self-management as they lived with chronic low back pain and realized how to self-manage their pain; and (3) suggested ways to fulfill needs and preferences among patients with chronic low back pain. The nature of chronic low back pain causes disruptions well-being and requires constant management. Developing user-centered strategies to enhance knowledge and promote self-management among chronic low back pain patients is required.