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Papers of the Week

Papers: 21 Jan 2023 - 3 Feb 2023

2023 Feb 01

J Clin Invest



Striving toward hyperthermia-free analgesia: lessons from loss-of-function mutations of human TRPV1.


Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), a receptor for capsaicin and noxious heat, has been one of the most compelling targets for analgesics. However, systemic inhibition of TRPV1 is an impractical approach as a pain killer, since systemic antagonism induces hyperthermia. Two articles in this issue of the JCI report phenotypes from separate, rare missense mutations of human TRPV1. He, Zambelli, and colleagues investigated TRPV1K710N, which showed reduced functionality, while Katz, Zaguri, and co-authors reported on TRPV1N331K, which led to a complete functional knockout. The findings provide insights that will improve our understanding of the endogenous functions of TRPV1 in humans and may facilitate a rational TRPV1-targeting approach to achieve hyperthermia-free analgesia.