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Papers of the Week

2022 Dec




The Impact of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in a Case of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome With Bronchopneumonia: A Case Report.


Nandanwar RR, Singh R, Karanjkar SM, Bhagwani RS
Cureus. 2022 Dec; 14(12):e32671.
PMID: 36686089.


Inhaled bacteria and viruses could cause pneumonia (from the Greek word pneuma, which means "breath"), which is an infection and inflammation of the bronchioles and alveoli in the lower respiratory tract that can be fatal. The condition's typical symptoms include excruciating chest pain and a persistent cough that produces thick mucus. Of patients in emergency medicine units around the world, 10% have acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). A 35-year-old male patient stated having a fever for 12 days, a cough with expectoration for two days, and trouble breathing at rest when he arrived at the medical emergency unit. Following the examination, blood investigation, urine examination, and X-ray were done suggestive of bronchopneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. The patient was assessed using a range of outcome measures on the assessment day, and the same variables were again assessed on the discharge and follow-up days. These outcome measures showed significant reduction in the severity of the cough and dyspnea. Also, the patient had markedly improved cough intensity, dyspnea (Modified Medical Research Council {MMRC}, grade 2), lung capacity, weakness, and quality of life (QoL) because of our well-organized pulmonary rehabilitation. It is safe to assume that a thorough strategy like ours will lead to an improvement in the patient's respiratory health.