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Papers of the Week

Papers: 21 Jan 2023 - 3 Feb 2023

2023 Jan 05

Int J Mol Sci



Interleukin-31 Receptor A Expression in the Dorsal Root Ganglion of Mice with Atopic Dermatitis.


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common skin disease caused by genetic and environmental factors. However, the mechanisms underlying AD development remain unclear. In this study, we examined the genetic factors contributing to the onset of itch-associated scratching in different strains of mice. Interleukin-31 (IL-31) induces severe scratching and dermatitis in mice. However, the site of action of IL-31 remains unclear. Cutaneous IL-31 and IL-31 receptor A (IL-31RA) mRNAs in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) are expressed exclusively in the AD model, i.e., NC/Nga mice. Here we evaluated the effects of repeated administration of IL-31 on the scratching behavior in NC/Nga, BALB/c, and C57BL/6 mice. The results showed that repeated administration of IL-31 significantly increased itch-associated scratching (LLS) behavior in the three strains of mice. One hour after an intravenous IL-31 injection, BALB/c mice showed alloknesis-like behavior. Mite infestation and IL-31 administration triggered itchy skin, increased LLS counts and DRG neuronal IL-31RA expression, and eventually caused dermatitis. The dermatitis severity and LLS counts induced by mite infestation and IL-31 administration were in the order NC/Nga > BALB/c > C57BL/6. In conclusion, neuronal IL-31RA expression in the DRG was the most important genetic factor affecting the severity of LLS and dermatitis in mice.