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Papers of the Week

2023 Jan-Feb

Clin Ter



Double Pylorus Presenting with Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Rare Case Report.


Kiyak M, Üçer M, Şentürk Demirtaş C, Çakmak OS, Erhan Altunöz M, İpek S
Clin Ter. 2023 Jan-Feb; 174(1):4-7.
PMID: 36655637.


Double pylorus is one of the rare endoscopic findings consisting of two communication channels between the gastric antrum and the first part of the duodenum. It has no specific signs and symptoms. It is usually detected incidentally during endoscopic examination performed with nonspecific dyspeptic complaints such as epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, and bloating. But contrary to expectations our patient applied to the emergency department with the complaint of melena that had been going on for 3 days. Her hemoglobin value was 9.7 mg/dL, blood ure nitrogen value was 65 mg/dL. Rectal touch examination was compatible with melena. In the emergency endoscopy of the patient, two channels were seen in the pylorus region. In the accessory canal, there was an ulcer of 10 mm in size with adherent dots and white exudate. The biopsy was reported as chronic gastritis due to H.pylori infection. Ibuprofen treatment used by the patient was discontinued and the patient was given high double dose PPI and H.pylori eradication therapy. Double pylorus, which is usually found incidentally in endoscopy with nonspecific findings, may very rarely present with GI bleeding findings, as in our patient. It is necessary to avoid risk factors in double pylorus, to give antiulcer and H.pylori treatment in its presence for an optimal time regardless of whether the double pylorus continues or not.