Malaria, an ancient infectious parasitic disease, is caused by protozoa of the genus Plasmodium, whose erythrocytic cycle is accompanied by fever, headache, sweating and chills and a systemic inflammation that can progress to severe forms of disease, including cerebral malaria. Approximately 25% of survivors of this syndrome develop sequelae that may include neurological, neurocognitive, behavioral alterations and poor school performance. Furthermore, some outcomes have also been recorded following episodes of non-severe malaria, which correspond to the most common clinical form of the disease worldwide. There is a body of evidence that neuroinflammation, due to systemic inflammation, plays an important role in the neuropathogenesis of malaria culminating in these cognitive dysfunctions. Preclinical studies suggest that vaccination with type 2 immune response elicitors, such as the tetanus-diphtheria (Td) vaccine, may exert a beneficial immunomodulatory effect by alleviating neuroinflammation. In this viewpoint article, vaccination is proposed as a therapy approach to revert or mitigate neurocognitive deficits associated with malaria.