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Papers of the Week

Papers: 14 Jan 2023 - 20 Jan 2023

Animal Studies

2023 Jan 18

Drug Dev Res

Pramipexole inhibits formalin-induce acute and long-lasting mechanical hypersensitivity via NF-kB pathway in rats.


Santamaria-Anzures J, Pérez-Ramos J, Mendoza-Pérez F, Godínez-Chaparro B
Drug Dev Res. 2023 Jan 18.
PMID: 36651647.


Pain is one of the most frequent causes for patients to seek medical care. It interferes with daily functioning and affects the quality of life of the patient. There is a clear need to investigate nonopioid or non-nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug alternatives for the treatment of pain. In this study, we determined the effect of acute pre- and posttreatment with pramipexole (PPX), a dopamine D2/D3 selective agonist, on formalin 1%-induced acute and long-lasting nociceptive behavior sensitivity in rats. Moreover, we sought to investigate whether the antiallodynic and antihyperalgesic effect induced by PPX was mediated through the nuclear factor-κB (NF-kB) signaling pathway. Moreover, acute systemic pretreatment with PPX (1 and 3 mg/kg, ip) suppressed the formalin-induced nociceptive behavior during both phases of the formalin test and the development of formalin-induced secondary mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia in both paws. Acute systemic posttreatment with PPX (3 mg/kg, ip) reverted the formalin-induced long-lasting secondary mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia. Furthermore, PPX inhibits the protein expression of NF-κB-p65 and the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β in the spinal cord of animals with secondary mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia induced by formalin. These data suggest that PPX has a potential role in producing anti-inflammatory activity. Moreover, the antiallodynic and antihyperalgesic effects induced by PPX can be mediated through the NF-kB signaling pathway.