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Papers of the Week

2022 Dec




A Triad of Pericarditis, Pericardial Effusion, and Pleural Effusion as the Predominant Presentation of Rheumatoid Arthritis - A Case Report.


We describe a case of a 67-year-old African American man who presented to the emergency department with a sharp, pleuritic chest pain and shortness of breath. After several admissions and extensive workup, he ultimately was diagnosed with a persistent pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, and secondary constrictive pericarditis due to rheumatoid arthritis. By highlighting immunological disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis in the differential diagnosis, in the setting of a refractory pericardial effusion and serositis, this case report addresses key aspects of the presentation both in the emergency and inpatient settings, reviews the criteria for a rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis, and emphasizes areas of importance in predominantly cardiopulmonary extra-articular manifestations of a typically musculoskeletal disease.