The National Institutes of Health (NIH) minimum dataset for chronic low back pain (CLBP) was developed in response to the challenge of standardizing measurements across studies. Although reference values are critical in research on CLBP to identify individuals and communities at risk of poor outcomes such as disability, no reference values have been published for the Quebec (Canada) context. This study was aimed to (1) provide reference values for the Canadian version of the NIH minimum dataset among individuals with CLBP in Quebec, both overall and stratified by gender, age, and pain impact stratification (PIS) subgroups, and (2) assess the internal consistency of the minimum data set domains (pain interference, physical function, emotional distress or depression, sleep disturbance, and PIS score). We included 2847 individuals living with CLBP who completed the baseline web survey of the Quebec Low Back Pain Study (age: 44.0 ± 11.2 years, 48.1% women) and were recruited through social media and healthcare settings. The mean score was 6.1 ± 1.8 for pain intensity. Pain interference, physical function, emotional distress or depression, sleep disturbance, and PIS scores were 12.9 ± 4.1, 14.4 ± 3.9, 9.8 ± 4.4, 13.0 ± 3.6, and 26.4 ± 6.6, respectively. Emotional distress or depression showed floor effects. Good-to-excellent internal consistency was found overall and by language, gender, and age subgroups for all domains (alpha: 0.81-0.93) and poor-to-excellent internal consistency for PIS subgroups (alpha: 0.59-0.91). This study presents reference values and recommendations for using the Canadian version of the NIH minimum dataset for CLBP that can be useful for researchers and clinicians.