Inflammatory pain is part of the body's defense mechanism and plays an important role in the healing process. Although some drugs are efficient and intensively used for their potent anti-inflammatory properties, they present problematic side effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-nociceptive effect of the thiocyanoacetamide (Thm) compared to paracetamol (Para), dexamethasone (Dex) and morphine (Morph) and to study inflammatory mediators on models of acute inflammatory pain in rats using the formalin injection test in the hind paw of rats as chemical stimulus. The obtained results showed significant modulation of pain by Thm pretreatment with a maximum at an effective dose (10 mg/kg) proved by the absence of licking and biting of the affected paw during the early and late phases of inflammation. This effect was comparable to Dex at 10 mg/kg, Para at 400 mg/kg and less than Morph at 5 mg/kg pretreatment doses. The study of anti-inflammatory targets showed that Thm pretreatment maintained plasma serotonin release at normal level compared to the negative control group (T-) and corrected the decrease in the plasma level of prostaglandins after inflammatory induction with no variation in the level of histamine in different groups. The evaluation of inflammation mediators demonstrated that the pretreatment with Thm induced the decrease in the amount of both IL-1 Beta and TNF alpha in plasma and the increase in their amount in the tissue of the injection site. The Thm has been promoted as an anti-nociceptive drug that induces modulation of inflammatory mediators.